Power-To-X and Hydrogen

We excel in the art of transforming complex data into comprehensible insights. Our mission is to guide you through the process of deriving meaning and value from your data effortlessly.

We accomplish this by employing a strategic approach that involves asking the right questions to uncover key patterns and trends within your data. Additionally, our expertise extends to crafting visually impactful outputs, ensuring that the information is not only accessible but also intuitively comprehensible.

Our Expertise

Multiple years of experience in the energy and energy technology sectors
At Delphi Data Labs, our management team brings a wealth of experience amassed over multiple years in the dynamic realms of energy and energy technology sectors. This collective expertise positions us uniquely at the intersection of industry insight and innovative data solutions.

We take pride in seamlessly merging dedicated energy knowledge with our distinctive data handling, processing, and analytics methodology. This synergy enables us to provide comprehensive support to a diverse clientele spanning public, financial, power, transport, industrial, agricultural, and building sectors.

Our commitment is to empower and guide our clients through transformative journeys, leveraging our deep-rooted industry understanding and cutting-edge data capabilities for holistic solutions tailored to their unique needs.


Power-to-X in Energy Transition and Circular Transformation
At Delphi Data Labs, we are convinced, that Power-to-X will be the critical component of a sustainable power system. Hence, Power-to-X plays a critical part in the energy transition and circular transformation.
What is Power-To-X?
Power-to-X (P2X/PtX) describes the process of turning renewable electrical power into a different form of energy, such as heat energy (PtH) or chemical energy - for example green hydrogen. P2X enables the decoupling of energy generation from consumption, which is the most critical step in the transformation to a renewable energy system.
There is no Power-to-X without Hydrogen
Hydrogen can replace fossil fuels and fossil energy sources in a wide range of applications, as it can be used in a variety of ways as a fuel, energy storage medium or a raw material. Therefore, we suppose that leveraging Power-to-X technology to produce green hydrogen and synthetic fuels from renewable energy will be essential in meeting climate targets and a way to decarbonising the industrial, transportation, heat, and power sectors.
Process Flow

Delphi P2X/Hydrogen Dashboard

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The colors of hydrogen

Capture opportunities in the growing hydrogen market
The market assessment of the various hydrogen generation technologies is one Delphi Data Labs core research topics in the hydrogen field.

The following chart shows an overview of the most important pathways and technologies for the production of hydrogen.
Colors of Hydrogen


Electrolysis Technologies

It is a type of electrolyzer that is characterized by having two electrodes operating in a liquid alkaline electrolyte solution of potassium hydroxide (KOH) or sodium hydroxide (NaOH).

These electrodes are separated by a diaphragm, separating the product gases and transporting the hydroxide ions (OH−) from one electrode to the other.  Currently, AEL systems are available in atmospheric (legacy technology) or pressurized versions

PEM electrolysis is the electrolysis of water in a cell equipped with a solid polymer electrolyte (SPE) that is responsible for the conduction of protons, separation of product gases, and electrical insulation of the electrodes.  

The PEM electrolyzer, which involves a proton-exchange membrane, was introduced to overcome the disadvantages of the alkaline electrolyzer technologies. PEM aims to solve the issues of partial load, low current density, and low-pressure operation.

A PEM system relieson rare materials, such as Titanium, Platinum or Iridium.

SOECs use steam instead of water for hydrogen production, a key difference from alkaline and PEM electrolyzers. Additionally, SOECs use ceramics as the electrolyte, resulting in  low material costs. While they operate at high temperatures and with high electrical efficiencies of 79-84% (LHV), they require a heat source to produce steam.  

SOEC electrolyzers can also be operated in reverse mode as fuel cells to convert hydrogen back into electricity, another feature that is distinct from alkaline and PEM electrolyzers (IEA, 2021).

An AEM electrolysis solution combines the benefits of PEM and alkaline systems by allowing the use of non-noble catalysts while achieving energy densities and efficiencies comparable to PEM technology.

AEM electrolysis isstill a developing technology; therefore, with a view to using it to eventually achieve commercially viable hydrogen production, AEM electrolysis requires further investigation and improvements, specifically regarding its power efficiency, membrane stability, robustness, ease of handling, and costreduction (Vincent & Bessarobov, 2018).

A microbial electrolysis cell is a technology related to Microbial fuel cells (MFC). Whilst MFCs produce an electric current from the microbial decomposition of organic compounds, MECs partially reverse the process to generate hydrogen or methane from organic material by applying an electric current.  

Membraneless electrolyzers are developed to eleiminate the disadvantages of membrane based electrolysis technologies. Eliminating the membrane creates the opportunity to decrease capital costs by reducing device complexity, materials costs, and assembly costs. Furthermore,the risk of membrane fouling or degradation is eliminated.

Membraneless electrolyzers generally rely onflow- or buoyancy-induced separation of products whereby forced fluid flow (advection) and/or buoyancy forces are used to separate the O2 and H2 products before they can cross over to the opposing electrode (Esposito, 2017).

Alternative Hydrogen Generation Technologies

Gasification is a process to convert organic materials without combustion at high temperatures (>700°C). The amount of oxygen and/or steam present in the reaction is controlled to convert the organic compound into gases such as Nitrogen (n2), carbon monoxide (CO), hydrogen (h2) or carbon dioxide (CO2).

Pyrolysis describes the gasification of an organic compound in the absence of oxygen. Pyrolysis of organic substances typically produces volatile products and a carbon-rich solid residue as a by-product.

Plasmalysis processes utilize plasma in either a gasification or pyrolysis process. Typically, a plasma torch powered by an electric arc is used to ionize gas and catalyze organic matter into syngas.

Methane reforming is a process in which methane is converted into a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen (syngas).

The most established reforming process is steam-methane reforming (SMR): In the presence of a catalyst methane reacts with steam under 3–25 bar pressure (1 bar = 14.5 psi) to produce syngas.

Partial Oxidation (POX: asub-stoichiometric fuel-air mixture is partially combusted in a reformer creating hydrogen-rich syngas) and Autothermal reforming (ATR: SMR utilizes esair for combustion as a heat source to create steam, while ATR utilizes purified oxygen) are alternative reforming processes.

A solar hydrogen panel is  a device for artificial photosynthesis that produces photohydrogen directly  from sunlight and water vapor, utilizing photocatalytic water splitting and  thus bypasses the conversion losses of the classical solar–hydrogen energy cycle.

The colors of Geologic Hydrogen

Geological Hydrogen, an emerging sector
Geologic hydrogen deposits are naturally occurring reservoirs of hydrogen gas found within the Earth's crust.

These deposits offer a unique opportunity to tap into hydrogen reserves with minimal environmental impact, providing a cleaner and more sustainable alternative to conventional hydrogen sources.
White/Natural Hydrogen
White hydrogen, which we also call natural hydrogen, is characterized by its method of production through the passive capture of natural hydrogen gas found in underground sources, such as those associated with oil and gas drilling, mining, and natural geological activities.

This process leverages existing upstream oil  & gas production technologies.
Gold Hydrogen
Gold Hydrogen refers  to a carbon-neutral hydrogen produced using a unique biotechnological process, where specialized bacteria are employed to transform carbon found in oil and gas reservoirs nearing the end of their productive life into clean hydrogen.

This approach revitalizes abandoned or underutilized fossil fuel sites.
Orange Hydrogen
Orange hydrogen production involves a proactive approach by injecting water into reactive  underground formations to stimulate hydrogen production, which can also apply to Fe-rich mine wastes and steel slags using surface reactors. Despite the  higher energy input compared to white hydrogen, the potential outputs and cost-effectiveness could make it competitive with other hydrogen production  methods.

This process also offers carbon sequestration benefits, leveraging natural geological reactions for a cleaner energy solution, indicating its potential to significantly contribute to a carbon-negative energy future.
Aqua Hydrogen
Aqua hydrogen involves an unproven underground water gas shift reaction for hydrogen production, sparking skepticism regarding its feasibility. This technology  aims at producing hydrogen from oil sands and conventional oil fields without  emitting carbon by injecting oxygen into underground reservoirs to trigger a  heat-releasing chemical reaction.

At temperatures above 350°C, heavy oil and  water molecules split, enabling the extraction of pure hydrogen gas while  sequestering carbon oxides underground.

Why Delphi?

The power of a graph database
Our data scientists are currently developing a graph database which, in addition to all key data, maps the relations between all players who are involved in the hydrogen value chain.

It allows us to easily track the activities of your competitors, customers & suppliers. The h2graph is part of our Aletheia program, in which we are developing an inter-industrial graph data network.
We provide market analysis and strategy advice for the most important technologies:
  • Electrolyzers
  • Fueling
  • Fuel Cells
  • Power2X
  • Tanks & Storage
  • Pumps & Compressors
  • Pumps & Compressors
  • Membranes & Electrodes
  • Valves
  • Bipolar Plates
  • Engines & Turbines
  • Heat Exchanger
  • Water Treatment
  • Pyrolysis & Gasification
  • SMR & ATR
We help you to successfully implement your hydrogen strategy, and conduct hydrogen research for customers from the following segments:
  • Hydrogen Technology
  • Mining & Metals
  • Consulting
  • Utilities & power
  • Automotive
  • Investment Banking
  • Oil & Gas
  • Aerospace
  • Technology & Defense
  • Chemicals
  • Shipping
  • Public Sector

How we work

Success Through Advanced Big Data Analytics
Unlike the industry standard, which relies mainly on interviews, our process is built on big data analytics. Our approach ensures highest academic research standards, and limits the negative impact of cognitive bias, which happens to occur in expert interviews. The human brain is simply not designed to correctly record and depict the nature of complex international multi-billion dollar markets.

That’s why statistical analysis of adequate data is the core of our research methodology. Nevertheless, we strongly rely on human expertise, which marks the starting & final process step in our work:
Initially, we analyze the intricacies of relationships within an industrial value chain, establishing the framework for our comprehensive research. In the second step, we populate our value chain model with data derived from diverse sources to ascertain market potential. In the third step, our data undergoes rigorous scrutiny by seasoned human experts. The ensuing integration of expert feedback leads to a refinement of our data during a secondary human feedback and approval process. This methodical approach ensures the precision and reliability of our research outcomes.
1 — Relationships
We map the relationships in an industrial value chain.
2 — Data Analysis
We fill our value chain model with data from various sources to.
3 — Human Check
Our data is challenged by human expertise.
4 — Refinement
Integration of feedback and second human validation process.
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